Guide to the Female Reproductive Organs

female reproductive system


As complex as it seems, the female reproductive system has mainly a twofold structure which includes inner reproductive organs and outer organs. The female reproductive system performs many functions apart from letting the sperm enter the system to get fertilized.

This blog explains the various female reproductive organs and their role in the reproductive system.

Labia Majora:

This organ gives protection to the external other external reproductive organs in the area. This is often compared with scrotum in the male reproductive organ. Labia majora is called large lips in some regions as it is comparatively big and plump. It holds sweat and certain glands which produce oil. As you hit the puberty, this organ gets pubic hair for its protection.


Labia minora:

Labia minora, which is also known as small lips of the vagina are pretty tiny and can be up to two inches broad. This is the inner part of the labia majora. Opening of the vagina is the nearer reproductive organ to labia minora. The urethra tube helps pass urination through the bladder.

Bartholin’s glands:

This part of the female reproductive organs is near adjacent to the vaginal opening which also secretes mucus or similar type of fluid.


The small and big lips of the vagina meet at this organ. This is another small and delicate organ which is compared to the penile organ or men. A layer of skin covers this organ which is again compared to the foreskin of the penile end. Women too can experience erection of the clitoris if it gets sexually stimulated.

Following are the internal organs of the female reproductive system:


A deep canal connecting to the lower part of the uterus (cervix) is called the vagina. This is where the penis is inserted during sexual intercourse and sperms are passed to the cervix. A female condom which you use during sexual intercourse creates a thin wall in the vagina and stops the sperms from passing to the uterus.


This is a reproductive organ that appears to be a pear shape is known to be the uterus. This is where the egg gets fertilized and grows the fetus. The cervix and the corpus are the two parts of the uterus. While cervix is located in the lower area, the corpus is the main body of the uterus. When you use birth control pills for pregnancy prevention, the hormones in it thicken the cervix to stop the sperm from entering.


Due to its oval shape, the glands in the reproductive area are called ovaries which are found on both sides of the uterus. This organ is responsible for producing eggs and female sex hormones.

Fallopian tubes:

Narrow tubes connecting the uterus and ovaries are called fallopian tubes. This organ like tunnels for the egg cells. The eggs produced in the ovaries pass through the fallopian tubes and reach the uterus after its fertilization. Conception takes place in the fallopian tubes after which the fertilized ovum gets implanted in into the uterus lining

This entry was posted in Reproductive Health, Women's Health and tagged Abortion, female reproductive system, health, menstruation, ovulation, Reproductive health, reproductive organs and its role, women.