Ativan, which is the brand name for lorazepam, falls within the benzodiazepine category of medications. This class is believed to operate by amplifying the functioning of specific neurotransmitters within the brain, ultimately contributing to its therapeutic effects.
Primarily employed in adults and individuals aged 12 and above, Ativan serves as a remedy for anxiety disorders. Furthermore, it finds application in managing insomnia that arises due to anxiety or temporary situational stress. This multifaceted medication is occasionally utilized to alleviate nausea and vomiting that results from cancer treatment. It also plays a role in addressing agitation stemming from alcohol withdrawal.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter in the brain, is the target of the action of Ativan, also known as lorazepam. As a neurotransmitter with inhibitory properties, GABA lowers the excitability and activity of the brain's nerve cells.
Ativan is a member of the benzodiazepine drug class, which functions by interacting with GABA-related receptors in the brain. As soon as Ativan attaches to these receptors, GABA's soothing and sedative effects are enhanced. A sensation of relaxation, less anxiety, and, in larger dosages, drowsiness, and tiredness are produced by this enhanced GABA activity because it causes a decrease in the firing of nerve cells in the brain.
The following outlines the frequently prescribed dosages of Ativan. However, your healthcare provider might determine an alternate dosage based on various considerations, which include:
- The specific form of Ativan you are using
- Your age
- Any existing health conditions you may have
- Other medications you are currently taking
These factors collectively guide your healthcare provider in tailoring the most suitable and effective dosage of Ativan for your individual needs. It's important to have these aspects taken into account to ensure safe and optimized treatment outcomes. Your medical professional's expertise ensures that the prescribed dosage aligns with your unique health profile and medical requirements.
Dependence emerges when your body becomes accustomed to a drug and requires it to maintain its usual state. Abrupt discontinuation of Ativan can lead to withdrawal due to physical dependence, which, in certain instances, can even pose life-threatening risks.
Withdrawal symptoms stemming from Ativan cessation may encompass a range of effects, such as headaches, heightened anxiety, restlessness, dizziness, hallucinations (perceiving things that aren't real), muscle stiffness or discomfort, digestive issues like reduced appetite, nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting, and potentially even seizures. It's essential to approach the discontinuation of Ativan under medical supervision to manage and mitigate these potential withdrawal effects. Your healthcare provider can help you gradually taper off the medication to reduce the likelihood and severity of these symptoms.
Frequently observed side effects of Ativan can encompass:
- A sensation of unsteadiness
- Regular monitoring through blood tests is necessary to assess your blood counts and the functioning of your liver.
These side effects, although common, can vary in intensity from person to person. They typically emerge as your body adjusts to the medication and tend to lessen over time. However, if any of these effects persist or worsen, it's important to inform your healthcare provider. Additionally, the need for periodic blood tests ensures your safety and allows your medical professional to closely track your overall health and the medication's impact on your body. Regular monitoring is a vital aspect of your treatment journey with Ativan.
Prior to taking lorazepam, it's essential to inform your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have an allergy to it or other benzodiazepines (such as alprazolam, clonazepam, diazepam), or if you possess any other allergies. This medication might include inactive components that can trigger allergic reactions or other complications. Discussing this with your pharmacist can offer further insights.
Before starting this medication, share your medical history with your healthcare provider or pharmacist, particularly if you have kidney or liver disease, glaucoma, lung/breathing issues like sleep apnea, mental/mood disorders such as depression or psychosis, or a personal or family history of substance use disorders involving drugs or alcohol. Being transparent about your medical history enables your healthcare provider to ensure the safe and effective use of lorazepam tailored to your specific circumstances.
The medicine can be kept in a cool, dry place. Advised to keep away from children. Kindly check the expiry date before using.